# Syllabus and Test Papers for all semesters

** PATTERN FOR ALL SEMESTERS :**

Question Paper Pattern

(Effective from the academic year 2008 )

Core Papers (Maximum 075 Marks)

PART A (10x 2 = 20 Marks)

Answer any TEN questions.

Question # - Unit

1 & 2. From Unit 1

3 & 4. From Unit 2

5 & 6. From Unit 3

7 & 8. From Unit 4

9 & 10. From Unit 5

11 & 12. Problems from any Unit(s)

PART B (5 x 5=25 Marks)

Answer any FIVE questions.

Question # - Unit

13. From Unit 1

14. From Unit 2

15. From Unit 3

16. From Unit 4

17. From Unit 5

18. From ANY Unit

19. Problem from ANY Unit(s).

PART C (3 x 10= 30 Marks)

Answer any THREE questions.

Question # Unit

20. From Unit 1

21. From Unit 2

22. From Unit 3

23. From Unit 4

24. From Unit 5

25. Problem from ANY Unit(s).

B.Sc. DEGREE COURSE IN ELECTRONICS SCIENCE

SEMESTER SYSTEM WITH CREDITS

Semester I - Main Paper I - Electricity and Basic Electronics

Duration: 3 hrs

Maximum Marks: 075

Credits: 4

Unit-1

Electrostatics : Permittivity of free space - Relative permittivity - Electric intensity - Intensity due to a point charge - Electric potential - Relation between potential and intensity - Potential due to a uniformly charged spherical conductor - Electric dipole - dipole moment - Potential and intensity due to a dipole - couple on a dipole in an electric field - Electrical images - Its applications - Normal electric Induction - Gauss theorem and Applications - Electric intensity due to a uniformly charged sphere, infinite cylinder and plane sheet of charge - Intensity and stress on a charged conductor - Electrified soap bubble - Potential energy stored in unit volume in a medium surrounding a charged body.

Unit-2

Capacitors Unit of capacity - The Farad - Capacity of spherical, parallel plate and Cylindrical capacitors - Effect of dielectric on capacity - Energy of a charged capacitor - change in the energy of a parallel plate capacitor on introduction of dielectric slab - Loss of energy on sharing of charges - Force of attraction between the plates of charged capacitor - Guard ring capacitor - Attracted disc electrometer - measurement of potential and dielectric constant - Quadrant electrometer - Measurement of Ionisation current and dielectric constant.

Unit-3

Magnetic Effects of Current : Biot-Savart's Law - Lorentz Force - Force between two current carrying infinitely long parallel conductors - Definition of ampere and the value of permeability of
free space - Force between coaxial coils - Ampere balance.

Current Electricity:

EMF and Internal resistance of a cell - Cells connected in series and in parallel - Carey-Foster bridge - Potentiometer - Calibration of ammeter, high and low range Voltmeter, comparison of
resistances.

Unit-4

Diode circuits and Power supplies : Junction diode characteristics - Half and frill wave rectifiers - expression for efficiency and ripple factor - Construction of low range power pack using diodes - Bridge rectifier - Filter circuits - Zener diode - characteristics - voltage regulation using Zener diode - regulated power supply - clipper and damper using diodes.

Unit-5

Transistor circuits : Characteristics of a transistor in CB,CE and CC modes - relative merits - Graphical analysis in CE configuration - Transistor as an amplifier - Single stage amplifier - Frequency response - Norton' s-Thevenin's Theorems - h parameters. Basic logic gates AND, OR and NOT - Construction of Basic logic gates using Diodes and Transistors.

Differentiator and Integrator using capacitor and resistor.

Books for Study and Reference

1. Electricity and magnetism - Sehgal and Chopra

2. Electricity and magnetism - M. Narayanamoorthi and Others

3. Principles of Electronics - V.K. Mehta, S.Chand & Co. VI Edition 2001

4. Basic Electronics - B.L. Theraja, S.Chand & Co. IV Edition 2001

5. Elements of Electronics - Bagde and Singh

6. Fundamentals of Physics, 6^{th} Edition, by D.Halliday, R.Resnick and J.Walker, Wiley, NY, 2001.

7. Physics, 4^{th} Edition, Vols 1, 2 & 2 Extended by D.Halliday, R.Resnick and K.S.Krane, Wiley, NY, 1994.

8. CRC Handbook of Physics & Chemistry, 80^{th} Ed., CRS Press, NY, 1999.

9. The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vols. 1, 2, and 3, by R. P. Feynman, RB Leighton and M Sands, Narosa, New Delhi, 1998.

10. Basic Electronics, 6^{th} Edition by B. Grob, McGraw- Hill, NY, 1989.

B.Sc. DEGREE COURSE IN ELECTRONICS SCIENCE

SEMESTER SYSTEM WITH CREDITS

Semester II - Main Paper II - Electromagnetism and AC Circuits

Duration: 3 hrs

Maximum Marks: 075

Credits: 4

Unit-1

Electromagnetic Induction : Expression for induced EMF Self induction of a solenoid - Mutual inductance of a solenoid inductor - Coefficient of Self inductance of a solenoid inductor - Coefficient of coupling - Determination of self and mutual inductance - Measurement of intense magnetic field using search coil - Induction coil and its uses - Fluxmeter - Eddy currents.

Unit-2

Alternating Current : EMF induced in a coil rotating in a uniform magnetic field - Mean, RMS and peak values of alternating currents and EMF - Power factor in the case of an AC circuit containing i) resistance ii) Inductance iii) Capacitance iv) Inductance and Resistance - Wattless current - AC circuit having capacitance and resistance - AC circuit having LCR - Resistance and impedance - Series and parallel resonant circuits.

Unit-3

AC Circuits: Construction and working of transformers - Losses - Skin effect - Tesla coil - Growth and decay of current in a circuit having . L and R - Time constant - Growth and decay of charge in a circuit having C and R - High resistance by leakage - Growth and decay of charge in a circuit containing LCR - Condition for discharge to be oscillatory - Frequency of oscillation.

Unit- 4

Electromagnetic Machines : Production and distribution of three phase AC - Star and Delta connections - Advantages of AC over DC - Dynamo - Armature winding - Series, shunt and compound wound dynamos and their characteristics - DC motor - Principle of induction motor - Microphones - Moving coil loudspeaker.

Unit- 5

Maxwell's Equation: Full electromagnetic theory of electromagnetic waves - Maxwell's equations - Derivations in integral and differential forms.

Books for study and reference

1. Electricity and magnetism - Sehgal and Chopra

2. Electricity and magnetism - M. Narayanamoorthi and Others

3. Electricity and magnetism - D.N. Vasudeva

4. Electricity and magnetism - Brijlal and Subramanyam

5. Fundamentals of Physics, 6^{th} Edition, by D.Haliiday, R.Resnick and J.Walker, Wiley, NY, 2001

6. Physics, 4^{th} Edition, Vols 1. 2 & 2 Extended by D.Halliday, R.Resnick and KS,Krane, Wiley, NY, 1994

7. CRC Handbook of Physics & Chemistry, 80^{th} Ed., CRS Press, NY, 1999

8. The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vols. 1, 2, and 3, by R. P. Feynman, R B Leighton and M Sands, Narosa, New Delhi, 1998

9. Basic Electronics, 6^{th} Edition by B. Grob, McGraw- Hill, NY, 1989

B.Sc. DEGREE COURSE IN ELECTRONICS SCIENCE

SEMESTER SYSTEM WITH CREDITS

Semester II - Main Practical I

Duration: 3 hrs

Maximum Marks: 100

Credits: 4

1. Potentiometer - calibration of low range ammeter

2. Potentiometer - calibration of high range voltmeter

3. Carey Foster bridge - determination of specific resistance

4. Post Office Box - Temperature co-efficient of resistance

5. Figure of merit of B.G.

6. B.G. - Comparison of capacities

7. Conversion of Galvanometer into Voltmeter and Ammeter

8. Zener diode characteristics and Voltage regulation

9. Transistor characteristics in CB and CE modes

10. Regulated power supply using Zener diode

11. Uses of CRO - Measurements of Voltage, Current, Frequency, Phase and delay times - displaying waveforms and Lissajou' s figures

12. Transistor single stage amplifier - Frequency response

13. Construction of low range power pact using rectifying diodes

14. Basic logic gates (AND, OR) using diodes

15. Basic logic gates (AND,OR,NOT) using Transistors

16. Differentiating and Integrating circuits

17. Clipping and clamping circuits

18. Switch mode power supply

Books for reference

1. Basic Electronics A Text Lab Manual by Zbar, Malvino and Miller, Tata McGraw Hill.

2. B.E.S. Practicals by R. Sugaraj Samuel & Horsley Solomon

3. A text book of practical Physics by M.N. Srinivasan and Others, Sultan Chand and Sons, New Delhi.

B.Sc. DEGREE COURSE IN ELECTRONICS SCIENCE

SEMESTER SYSTEM WITH CREDITS

Semester III - Paper III - Physics of Materials

Duration: 3 hrs

Maximum Marks: 075

Credits: 4

X-ray diffraction Unit - 1

Bonding in solids : Cohesive energy-Type of bonds in crystals - ionic, covalent, metallic, molecular: Bragg's law - Experimental method in X-ray diffraction - Laue method.

Unit - 2

Crystal structure : Lattice point and space lattice - Basis and crystal structure - Unit cells and Lattice parameters - primitive cell - Crystal system - symmetry elements in crystals - point group and space groups - Bravais space lattices - Seven classes of crystals - miller indices - Lattice vibration - phonons - Debye's theory of specific heat of solids.

Unit - 3

Free electron Fermi Gas : Drude-Lorentz free electron theory of metals - ohms law - Electrical and thermal conductivity - Wiedemann-Franz law - Fermi level - Fertni energy - Density of solids - Relaxation Time - Mean free path in metals - The additive nature of resistivity ( Mathiessen's rule) - Hall effect and Hall coefficient - importance of Hall effect.

Unit - 4

Energy bands : Kronig-Penney model - Brilloin zones - Effective mass of the electron - Energy bonds in solids - classification of on the basis of energy band theory.

Super conductivity: Super conductivity - characteristic properties of super conductor -Types of super conductors - Application of super conductors.

Unit - 5

Semiconductor crystals : Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors - Mobility, drift velocity and conductivity of intrinsic semi conductors - carrier concentration in intrinsic semiconductors - Law of mass Action - n-type and p-type semiconductors -p-n junction - Biasing of p-n junction - Expression for potential barrier and width of depletion region - Rectifier equation.

Books for study and reference

1. Solid State Physics - Gupta and Kumar

2. Solid State Physics - S. O. Pillai

3. Solid State Physics and Electronics - C.L.Arora

4. Introduction to Solid State Physics - Kittel

5. Fundamentals of Physics, 6^{th} Edition, by D.Halliday, Resnick and J.Walker, Wiley, NY, 2001.

6. Physics, 4^{th} Edition, Vols 1, 2 & 2 Extended by D.Halliday, R.Resnick and K.S.Krane, Wiley, NY, 1994.

7. CRC Handbook of Physics & Chemistry, 80^{th }Ed., CRS Press, NY, 1999.

8. The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vols. 1, 2, and 3, by R. P. Feynman, RB Leighton and M Sands, Narosa, New Delhi, 1998.

9. Basic Electronics, 6^{th} Edition by B. Grob, McGraw- Hill, NY, 1989.

B.Sc. DEGREE COURSE IN ELECTRONICS SCIENCE

SEMESTER SYSTEM WITH CREDITS

Semester III - Paper III - Numerical Methods

Duration: 3 hrs

Maximum Marks: 075

Credits: 4

Unit-1

Interpolation : Newton's Forward and Backward formulae - Divided differences and their properties, Stirling's and Bessel's formulae - Lagrange's formula - simple problems.

Unit-2

Numerical integration : General Quadrature formula - Trapizoidal rule, Simpson's 1/3 rule, Euler-Maclaurin's formula, Stirling's formula for factorial n - Summation of series by Euler - Maclaurin' s formula.

Unit-3

Solutions of transcendental and polynomial equations in one variable: Method of iteration Newton-Raphson method - Regula Falsi method - Successive bisection method.

Solution of linear equation : Gauss reduction method - Exchange method - Jacobi iteration method - Gauss-Seidel method.

Unit-4

Solutions of differential equations : Numerical solution of ordinary differential eqiation of first order - Euler's method - Modified Euler's method - Picard's method of successive approximation - Runge-Kutta method (Second and third order only).

Unit-5

Methods of curve fitting : Least square analysis - Matrix inversion - Gauss elimination method - Co-factor method - partition method.

Books for study and reference

1. Numerical Analysis - B.D. Gupta

2. Numerical Mathematical Analysis - J.B. Scorborough.

3 Numerical Mathematics - Balasubramanian and others.

4. The Calculus of finite differences and Mathematical Analysis - H.C. Saxena.

5. Numerical Methods in Science and Engineering- M.K. Venkataraman.

B.Sc. DEGREE COURSE IN ELECTRONICS SCIENCE

SEMESTER SYSTEM WITH CREDITS

Semester III - Paper V - Amplifiers and Oscillators

Duration: 3 hrs

Maximum Marks: 075

Credits: 4

Unit-1

Amplifiers I : General principles of small signal amplifiers - classifications - RC coupled amplifiers - Gain - Frequency response - Input and output impedance - Multistage amplifiers -
Transformer coupled amplifiers - Equivalent circuit at low, medium and high frequencies - emitter follower.

Class A and Class B Power Amplifiers - Single ended and pushpull configurations - Power dissipation and output power calculations.

Unit-2

Feedback Amplifiers : Basic concept of feedback amplifiers - Transfer gain with feekfack - General characteristics of negative feedback amplifier effect of negative feedback on gain - gain stability- distortion and Bandwidth - Input and output resistance in the case of various types of feedback - Analysis of voltage and current feedback amplifier circuits.

Unit-3

Oscillators : Feedback requirement of oscillations - Barkausen Criterion for oscillation - Hartley , Colpitts, Phase shift and Wien bridge oscillators - Condition for oscillations and frequency derivation - Crystal oscillator - UJT Relaxation oscillator. Monostable, Bi-stable and Astable multivibrators -Schmitt trigger.

Unit-4

Operational Amplifiers : Principles, Transfer characteristics, various offset parameters, differential gain, CMRR, slew rate, band with - basic operational amplifiers circuits under inverting, non-inverting modes.

Unit-5

Op-Amp Circuits : Adder, subtractor, integrator, differentiator - Log , Anti log amplifiers, comparators - sine, square, triangular waveform generators, active filters - sample and hold circuits - analog computers for solving simultaneous and second - order differential equations.

Books for Study and reference

1.Micro Electronics by J.Milman & Halkias , McGraw Hill International Book Company New Delhi 1990 Edition.

2. Electronic Circuits by L.Schilling and Belove ,3^{rd} Edition, McGraw Hill, Newyork.

3. Electronic Devices, Circuits and Applications by W.D.Stanley, Prentice Hall.

4. Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory by Robert Boylestad and Nashel sky.

5. Electronic Devices and Circuits by J.P. Agrawal and Amit Agrawal, Prakasam Publishers.

6. Handbook of Electronics by Gupta and Kumar, Pragati Prakashan Publishers

7. Basic Electronics, 6^{th} Edition by B. Grob, McGraw- Hill, NY, 1989.

B.Sc. DEGREE COURSE IN ELECTRONICS SCIENCE

SEMESTER SYSTEM WITH CREDITS

Semester III - Allied III - Basic Physics-I

Duration: 3 hrs

Maximum Marks: 75

Credits: 3

Unit-1

Moment of inertia- Radius of gyration - Moment of inertia of a circular ring, circular disc, solid sphere -Kinetic energy of a rolling object- Acceleration of a body rolling down an inclined
plane - Uniform circular motion - Centripetal force - Centrifuge - Banking of curved tracks.

Gravitation : Newton's law - Determination of G by Boy's method - Mass and mean density of earth - Variation of g with altitude, depth and latitude - Escape velocity- Weightlessness.

Unit-2

Elasticity : Young's modulus - Bending moment - Bending of beams - Youngs modulus by non-uniform bending - Energy stored in a wire - Torsion in a wire -- Torsional oscillations - Determination of rigidity modulus by static torsion - Definition of Poisson's ratio.

Unit-3

Viscosity:

Streamline and turbulent flow - Comparison of viscosities by burette method - Oswald's viscometer - Stoke's law - Terminal velocity - Viscosity of a highly viscous liquid - Lubrication.

Surface Tension : Molecular theory of surface tension - Pressure difference across liquid surface - Formation of drops and bubbles - Excess of pressure inside a soap bubble - Surface tension of
liquid by Jaeger's method - Variation of surface tension with temperature.

Unit-4

Thermal Physics:

Kinetic theory of gases : Vander Wal's equation of state - Derivation of critical constants - Joule-Kelvin effect - Explanation of Joule-Kelvin effect Temperature of inversion - Production of low
temperatures - Liquefaction of gases - Linde's process.

Thermal conductivity : Coefficient of thermal conductivity - Thermal conductivity of a bad conductor by Lee's disc method.

Thermodynamics : Heat engine - Statement of first law of thermodynamics - Statement of second law of thermodynamics - Reversible and irreversible processes - Carnot theorem (without proof).

Unit-5

Intensity and loudness - Decibel - Intensity levels - Velocity of sound in a gas by Kundt's tube - Measurement of AC frequency.

Acoustics of buildings and Ultrasonics : Reverberation - Time of reverberation - Sabine's formula - Absorption coefficient - Production, detection and uses of ultrasonic waves - Sound recording
and reproduction - Fourier analysis.

Books for study and reference

1. Mechanics - Narayanamurthy and others.

2. Elements of Properties of Matter - Brijlal and Subramanyam.

3. Heat and Thermodynamics - J.B.Rajam.

4. A Text Book of Sound - M.N.Srinivasan, Himalaya Publishing House.

5. Sound - Govindarajan, Murugiyan and Jayaraman.

6. College Physics - Weber, Manning and White.

7. Advanced Level Physics Nelkon and Parker.

8. University Physics - Sears and Zemansky.

9. Fundamentals of Physics, 6^{th} Edition, by D.Halliday, R.Resnick and J.Walker, Wiley, NY, 2001.

10. Physics, 4^{th} Edition, Vols 1, 2 & 2 Extended by D.Halliday, R.Resnick and K.S.Krane, Wiley, NY, 1994.

11. CRC Handbook of Physics & Chemistry, 80^{th} Ed., CRS Press, NY, 1999.

12. The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vols. 1, 2, and 3, by R. P. Feynman, RB Leighton and M Sands, Narosa, New Delhi, 1998.

13. Basic Electronics, 6 ^{th}Edition by B. Grob, McGraw- Hill, NY, 1989.

B.Sc. DEGREE COURSE IN ELECTRONICS SCIENCE

SEMESTER SYSTEM WITH CREDITS

Semester IV - Paper VI - Semiconductor Devices and Integrated Circuits

Duration: 3 hrs

Maximum Marks: 075

Credits: 4

Unit-1

Junction Diode - biasing - V-I characteristics - Working and characteristics of Varactor Diode, IMPATT Diode and TRAPATT Diodes - Tunnel Diodes - Biasing - Energy band diagram - V-I characteristics and applications - Uni-Junction Transistor - Construction and working - Characteristics of UJT - LED - Working and merits.

Unit-2

Junction Transistor - Biasing of NPN & PNP Transistors - Transistor as an amplifier - Silicon Controlled Rectifier(SCR) - Construction operation - V-I characteristics - SCR as an rectifier - Shockley (PNPN) diode - Working and Characteristics - DIAC & TRIAC - Working and characteristics.

Unit-3

Field Effect Transistors - Construction and Working - Static and Transfer Characteristics - Parameters of FET- FET as an amplifier - Metal Oxide Semiconductor PET - Enhancement MOSFET, Depletion MOSFET - Construction and Working - Drain Characteristics of MOSFET - Comparison of JFET and MOSFET.

Unit-4

Charge Transfer Devices (CTDs) - Charge Coupled Device (CCD) - Bucket Brigade Device (BBD) - Applications - Schottky Effect - Metal Semiconductor Junction - Depletion Layer - Metal Insulator Semiconductor (MIS) Diode - Working Characteristics of MIS Diode - MIM Diode Working and Characteristics, Excitation - Semiconductor Light Sources - Photo Detectors - PIN Diode - Semiconductor LASER Diode - Tunnel Transistor.

Unit-5

Integrated Circuit Classification - IC Chip size and circuit complexity - Fundamentals of Monolithic IC technology - Fabrication of a typical circuit - Active and Passive components - Fabrication of FETs - Thin and Thick Film technology - LSI - MSI - VLSI - IC Package and symbols.

Books for study and reference

1. Physics of Semiconductor Devices - S. M.Sze, Wiley Interscience.

2. Electronic Devices and Circuits (Applied Electronics Vol-I) - G.K.Mithal, Khanna Publishers.

3. Semiconductor Devices and Integrated Electronics - A.G.Ivlilnes Von Nostrant, Reinhold Corporation.

4. Linear Integrated Circuits - B.Roy Choudhury & Shail Jain, New Age International (P) Ltd.

5. Integrated Electronics - Jacob Millman & C. C. Halkias (Tata McGraw Hill).

6. Basic Electronics, 6^{th} Edition by B. Grob, McGraw- Hill, NY, 1989.

B.Sc. DEGREE COURSE IN ELECTRONICS SCIENCE

SEMESTER SYSTEM WITH CREDITS

Semester IV - Paper VII - Programming in 'C'

Duration: 3 hrs

Maximum Marks: 075

Credits: 4

Unit-1

Fundamentals :Character set - Keywords - Identifiers - Data types - Constants Variables - Operators - Expression - Statements character I/O functions.

Unit-2

Decision Making Statements : if-else, while, do-while, for, switch, break, continue, goto statements. Functions Definitions - Arguments - Function prototype - Recursion - Library function.

Unit-3

Arrays : Array definition - Processing arrays - Passing array to a function - Multidimensional arrays - Strings - Storage classes - Multifile programs. Pointers : Pointer declaration - Pointers and arrays - Pointer operation - Passing pointers to a function - Passing function to a function.

Unit-4

Structures and Unions : Structure definition - Processing a structure - Structures and Pointers - Passing structures to a function - Self-referential structures - Unions. Data files : Opening, closing, creating, processing, data files - Register variables and bitwise operations - Command line parameters - C pre processors.

Unit-5

Programs : Writing Programs for Lagrange's interpolation formula, trapezoidal and Simpson's 1/3 rule of integration, Newton-Raphson method, Gauss-Seidal method, Runge-Kutta second order method and fitting a straight line.

Books for study and reference

1. Theory and Problems of programming with C - Schaum's series -Byron S.Gottfried, McGraw Hill International Book Co.,

2. Programming in ANSI C - E.Balagurusamy, Tata McGraw Hill

3. Programming with C - K.R.Venugopal and R.P. Sudep, Tata McGraw Hill

4. The C Programming Language - Kernighan and Ritchie

5. Mastering Turbo C - Stan Kelley, Bootle, BPB Publications

6. Let us C - Yashwant Kanetkar

7. Computer Oriented Numerical Methods - Rajaraman

8. Numerical Algorithms - Krishnamurthy and Sen

B.Sc. DEGREE COURSE IN ELECTRONICS SCIENCE

SEMESTER SYSTEM WITH CREDITS

Semester IV - Paper VIII - Digital Electronics

Duration: 3 hrs

Maximum Marks: 075

Credits: 4

Unit-1

Number Systems and Codes Decimal, binary, octal, hex numbers, conversion from one to another- codes, BCD, excess 3 , gray codes conversion from one to another - Error detection codes.

Unit-2

Boolean Algebra and Theorems : Basic, Universal logic gates - Boolean theorems - sum of products , products of sums expressions , simplification by Karnaugh Map method, simplification based on basic Boolean theorems - don't care conditions.

Unit-3

Combinational Digital Circuits Arithmetic Building blocks , Basic Adders and subtractors, BCD adders - Data of processing circuits, multiplexers, demulitiplexers, encoders, decoders - TTL, CMOS digital logic families.

Unit-4

Sequential Digital Circuits : Flip-flops , RS, Clocked SR, JK, D, T, master-slave types- shift registers, ring counters - ripple counters - synchronous counters, timer IC 555, applications.

Unit-5

DAC and ADC : Parameters, Accuracy, resolution - DAC, variable resister network, R-2R ladder network types - ADC, counting continuous, successive approximation, dual - slope types - comparison of various types of DAC and ADC.

Books for study and reference

1. Digital principles and applications by Malvino and Leach , McGraw Hill, 1996 IV Edition.

2. Micro Electronics by J.Milman, McGraw Hill International Book Company, New Delhi 1990 Edition.

B.Sc. DEGREE COURSE IN ELECTRONICS SCIENCE

SEMESTER SYSTEM WITH CREDITS

Semester IV - Paper VIII - Digital Electronics

Duration: 3 hrs

Maximum Marks: 075

Credits: 4

Unit-1

Number Systems and Codes Decimal, binary, octal, hex numbers, conversion from one to another- codes, BCD, excess 3 , gray codes conversion from one to another - Error detection codes.

Unit-2

Boolean Algebra and Theorems : Basic, Universal logic gates - Boolean theorems - sum of products , products of sums expressions , simplification by Karnaugh Map method, simplification based on basic Boolean theorems - don't care conditions.

Unit-3

Combinational Digital Circuits Arithmetic Building blocks , Basic Adders and subtractors, BCD adders - Data of processing circuits, multiplexers, demulitiplexers, encoders, decoders - TTL, CMOS digital logic families.

Unit-4

Sequential Digital Circuits : Flip-flops , RS, Clocked SR, JK, D, T, master-slave types- shift registers, ring counters - ripple counters - synchronous counters, timer IC 555, applications.

Unit-5

DAC and ADC : Parameters, Accuracy, resolution - DAC, variable resister network, R-2R ladder network types - ADC, counting continuous, successive approximation, dual - slope types - comparison of various types of DAC and ADC.

Books for study and reference

1. Digital principles and applications by Malvino and Leach , McGraw Hill, 1996 IV Edition.

2. Micro Electronics by J.Milman, McGraw Hill International Book Company, New Delhi 1990 Edition.

B.Sc. DEGREE COURSE IN ELECTRONICS SCIENCE

SEMESTER SYSTEM WITH CREDITS

Semester IV - Allied IV - Basic Physics-II

Duration: 3 hrs

Maximum Marks: 075

Credits: 3

Unit-1

Optics:

Defects of images - Spherical aberration in mirror and lens - Method of minimizing spherical aberration - Chromatic aberration - Achromatic combination of lenses in contact.

Interference - Interference in wedge shaped films - Newton's rings - Measurement of wavelength and radius of curvature by Newton's rings with theory - Diffraction - Divisions of wavefront into
half period zones - Rectilinear propagation of light - Fresnel's explanation - Elementary theory of formation of spectra by transmission grating (normal incidence) - Determination of wavelength -
Polarization - Optical activity - Biot law - Determination of specific rotatory power - Half shade polarimeter - Uses of polarized light.

Unit-2

Positive Rays :

Positive ray analysis - Bainbridge mass spectrograph Isotopes.

Photo electricity: Photoelectric emission - Einstein's theory - Millikan' s experiment - Photoelectric cell - Photovoltaic cell Photoconductive cell.

Atom ModeL Vector atom model - Spatial quantization - Electron spin - Quantum numbers - Pauli' s principle - Electronic configuration of atoms.

Unit-3

Relativity :

Frame of reference - Gallilean transformation - Michelson - Morley experiment - Postulates of special theory of relativity - Lorentz transformation - Length Contraction - Time dilation - Relativity of simultaneity - Addition of velocities - Variation of mass with Velocity - Mass energy equation - Minkowski's four dimensional space - Space Time continuum - Four vectors - Elementary ideas of general theory of relativity.

Unit-4

Quantum Mechanics:

Uncertainty principle - Postulates of wave mechanics - Wave function and its interpretation - Concepts of probability and probability density - Non-relativistic Schroedinger equation - Eigenfunctions - Eigenvalues - Normalization - Solutions of Schroedinger's equations for linear harmonic oscillator, particle in a box - Qualitative study (outlining steps only) of hydrogen atom (non-relativistic case without spin) and rigid rotator.

Radioactivity : Natural radioactivity - Artificial radioactivity - Radio isotopes - Uses of radio isotopes - Nuclear reaction - Q value of a reaction.

Unit-5

Nuclear and Particle Physics : general properties of nuclei - size, charge, mass & spin - liquid drop model - semi empirical mass formula - Shell model - magic numbers Elementary particles - classification - hadrons, leptons, mesons, baryons, hyprons - anti-particle & anti-matter strangeness isospin - basic ideas of quarks.

Books for study and reference

1. Text Book of Optics - Brijial and Subramanyam.

2. Modern Physics - Sehgal, Chopra and Sehgal.

3. Text Book of Quantum Mechanics - Mathews.

4. College Physics - Weber, Manning and White.

5. Advanced Level Physics - Nelkon and Parker.

6. University Physics - Sears and Zemansky.

7. Fundamentals of Physics, 6^{th} Edition, by D.Halliday, R.Resnick and J.Walker, Wiley, NY, 2001.

8. Physics, 4^{th} Edition, Vols 1, 2 & 2 Extended by D.Halliday, R.Resnick and K.S.Krane, Wiley, NY, 1994.

9. CRC Handbook of Physics & Chemistry, 80^{th} Ed., CRS Press, NY, 1999.

10. The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vols, 1, 2, and 3, by R. P. Feynman, RB Leighton and M Sands, Narosa, New Delhi, 1998.

11. Concepts of Modern Physics, 5^{th} Edition by A. Beiser, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 1997.

B.Sc. DEGREE COURSE IN ELECTRONICS SCIENCE

SEMESTER SYSTEM WITH CREDITS

Semester IV - Allied Practical - Basic Physics Practicals

Duration: 3 hrs

Maximum Marks: 75

Credits: 3

1. Young's Modulus by non-uniform bending - pin and microscope.

2. Young's modulus by uniform bending - optic level and telescope.

3. Rigidity modulus by static torsion.

4. Rigidity modulus by torsional pendulum.

5. Surface tension by capillary rise method - determination of radius by microscope.

6. Surface tension and interfacial surface tension by drop weight.

7. Viscosity of a liquid by capillary flow method.

8. Comparison of viscosities of liquids using ungaduated burette.

9. Specific heat capacity of a liquid by method o mixtures.

10. Thermal conductivity of a bad conductor b &s disc method.

11. Kundt's tube-velocity of sound in a rod an: oung's modulus of the rod.

12. Melde's string - frequency of a vibrator.

13. Sonometer - determination of AC frequeti.

14. Focal length of a concave lens - in contact and out of contact methods.

15. Spectrometer - I-d curve.

16. Spectrometer - narrow angled prism.

17. Spectrometer - grating at normal incidence - determination of wavelength of mercury spectrum.

18. Newton's rings - Wavelength of sodium light.

Books for reference

1. A text book of practical Physics by M.N. Srinivasan and Others, Sultan Chand and Sons, New Delhi.

2. Allied Practical Physics by M.N. Srinivasan, Sultan Chand and Sons, New Delhi.

3. B.E.S. Practicals by R.Sugaraj Samuel & Horsley Solomon.

B.Sc. DEGREE COURSE IN ELECTRONICS SCIENCE

SEMESTER SYSTEM WITH CREDITS

Semester IV - Allied Practicals - Main Practical-II(A) and II(B)

Duration: 3 hrs

Maximum Marks: 75

Credits: 3

A Computer Experiments :

Writing programs in C (about 10 programs)

B Electronics Experiments

1. Transistor monostable multivibrator

2. Resistivity and Hall coefficient - four probe method

3. Energy gap determination

4. IC regulated power supply

5. Characteristics of UJT

6. Characteristics of SCR

7. SCR power control

8. Characteristics of TRIAC

9. Characteristics of JFET

10. FET as an amplifier

11. Source follower

12. JFET multivibrator

13. Emitter follower

14. Darlington pair amplifier

15. Transistor Hartley oscillator

16. Transistor Colpitt's oscillator

17. Transistor phase shift oscillator

18. Transistor Wien bridge audio oscillator

Books for reference:

1. Basic Electronics A Text Lab Manual by Zbar, Malvino and Miller, Tata McGraw Hill.

2. B.E.S. Practicals by R.Sugaraj Samuel & Horsley Solomon.

B.Sc. DEGREE COURSE IN ELECTRONICS SCIENCE

SEMESTER SYSTEM WITH CREDITS

Semester V - Paper IX - Microprocessor I

Duration: 3 hrs

Maximum Marks: 075

Credits: 4

Unit-1

Architecture of 8085 microprocessor, registers, flags, ALU-Address bus and data bus-Demultiplexing address / data bus-Control and status signals-Control bus-Programmer's model of 8085-Pin-out signal function diagram-Functions of different pins.

Unit-2

Instruction set of 8085-data transfer, arithmetic, logic, branching and machine control group of instructions-Addressing modes-register, register indirect, direct, immediate and implied
addressing modes.

Assembly language and machine language - Programming exercises - addition, subtraction, multiplication and division (all 8-bit) of binary and BCD numbers.

Unit-3

Stack and stack related operations-Subroutines-Advanced programming techniques: Code conversions - Binary to BCD, BCD to Binary, Binary to ASCII, ASCII to Binary, BCD to ASCII and ASCII to BCD, Block transfer, ascending order and descending order- Time delays using single register and register pair-Delay calculations-Debugging a program.

Unit-4

RAM, ROM, EPROM, EEPROM functional explanation-Memory interface, interfacing ROM, 2K X 8 and 4K X 8-Interfacing RAM, 2K X 8 and 4K X 8-Timing diagrams for memory read and memory write cycles-Instruction cycle, machine cycle and T-state.

Unit-5

Explanation of timing diagram for 8085 instructions, MOV R_{d},R_{s}, MVI R, data 8, STA addr 16-Introduction of Wait states-Halt state-Dynamic RAM-Cache memory-Direct Memory
Access(DMA), explanation with block diagram.

Book for study and reference

1. Ramesh S. Gaonkar: Microprocessor Architecture, Programming and Application with the 8085-Penram International Publishing, Mumbai.

2. B. Ram: Fundamentals of microprocessors and microcomputers-Dhanpat Rai publications, New Delhi.

3. V. Vijayendran: Fundamentals of microprocessor-8085-S. Viswanathan publishers, Chennai

B.Sc. DEGREE COURSE IN ELECTRONICS SCIENCE

SEMESTER SYSTEM WITH CREDITS

Semester V - Paper X - Antennas and Wave Propagation

Duration: 3 hrs

Maximum Marks: 075

Credits: 4

Unit-1

Fundamentals of Antenna : Antenna Action, Short Electric Doublet, Radiation from doublet Antenna, Thin linear antenna's, Current distribution on resonant and Non- resonant types, Effect of ground: image antenna, Field Strength at a point close to the antenna within the range of direct ray.

Unit-2

Antenna Characteristics: Total effective resistance of antenna, Efficiency of an antenna, Directive gain of antenna, Bandwidth, Beamwidth and Polarization, Ungrounded and Grounded antenna's, Effect of antenna height . Antenna couplers, Dipole arrays- Folded dipole and applications. Non resonant antenna's.

Unit-3

Types of Antennas : Microwave Antenna' s-Antennas with parabolic reflectors, Horn Antenna's, Lens Antenna's, Folded dipole -Yagi-uda Antenna, Helical Antenna, Discone antenna, Log-periodic Antenna, Loop antenna, Principle of Broad Band Antenna.

Unit-4

Wave Propagation : Electromagnetic radiation, Propagation of waves; Ground waves, Sky waves, Ionosphere and its effect on radio waves- Space waves, Tropospheric Scatter Propagation Extraterrestrial Communications, Skip Distance and Maximum Usable Frequency.

Unit-5/

Wave guides in Communication : Wave guides: Basic Concepts, Maxwell's Equation Guided waves between Parallel Planes, Attenuation in Parallel Plane guides, Rectangular wave guide; TM mode, TE
mode, TE_{10} modes-Boundary Conditions, Circular wave guides, TM & TE mode. Imposibility of TEM waves in wave guides. Transmission Line analogy for wave guides, TEM in coaxial
line Comparison of wave guides and Coaxial Line, Resonators.

Books for study and reference

1. Electronic Communication Systems, George Kennedy, Tata McGraw Hill.

2. Hand Book of Electronics, Gupta & Kumar.

3. Electromagnetic waves and Radiating Systems by E.C. Jordan & K.G. Balman, Preintice Hall, 1995.

B.Sc. DEGREE COURSE IN ELECTRONICS SCIENCE

SEMESTER SYSTEM WITH CREDITS

Semester V - Paper XI - Communication Electronics

Duration: 3 hrs

Maximum Marks: 075

Credits: 4

Unit-1

Amplitude Modulation and Demodulation Definition of Amplitude modulation- Generation and detection of Amplitude Modulation-Balanced Modulator - DSB/SC Modulation and detection of SSB-VSB modulation- Frequency Division Multiplexing (FDM)-Block Diagram of AM Radio Transmitter and Superheterodyne Receiver.

Unit-2

Frequency Modulation and Demodulation : Definition of Frequency Modulation- Generation of FM-Direct and Indirect Method-Varactor Diode-ModulationFM.Detection-Slope detection -Phase Discriminator-Ratio Detector-Comparison of AM and FM-Block diagram of FM Radio Transmitter and Receiver.

Unit-3

Analog Pulse Modulation : Sampling Theorem - Basic Principles of Pulse Amplitude Modulation (PAM)-Pulse Width Modulation-Pulse Position Modulation.

Unit-4

Digital Pulse Modulation and Demodulation : Pulse Code Modulation-Quantizing and Coding-Generation and Demodulation of PCM wave -Quantizing Noise-Application of PCM-Delta Modulation- Adaptive Delta Modulation.

Unit-5

Data Transmission : Time Division Multiplexing (TDM) in PCM- Binary Systems - Amplitude Shift Keying(ASK),Frequency Shift Keying(FSK) and Phase Shift Keying(PSK)-Detection of Digital Communication Signals.

Books for study and reference

1. Electronic Communication Systems, Kennedy, McGraw Hill Inter Student Edition.

2. Digital and Analog Communication System, Sam K. Shanmugam, John Willey.

3. Communication Systems, Taub and Shilling, McGraw Hill.

4. Communication Systems, A.B.Carlson, McGraw Hill India.

**SORRY THE DATA FOR THE MEDICAL ELCTRONICS WILL BE PROCESSED SHORTLY.. SORRY FOR THE INCONVIENIENCE.. - EDITOR **

B.Sc. DEGREE COURSE IN ELECTRONICS SCIENCE

SEMESTER SYSTEM WITH CREDITS

Semester V - Paper XIII - Microprocessor-II

Duration: 3 hrs

Maximum Marks: 075

Credits: 4

Unit-1

I/O interface-IN and OUT instructions-Timing diagrams for IN and OUT instructions Interfacing an input port - interfacing an output port using I/O mapped I/O technique - Difference between I/O mapped I/O and memory mapped I/O.

Unit-2

Interrupts-Hardware and software interrupts-SIM and Mlvi instructions-Interrupt priorities-Interrupt controlled data transfer. Difference between polled I/O and Interrupt controlled I/O data transfer

Unit-3

Interfacing peripheral devices-Programmable Peripheral Interface 8155 and 8255- Internal architecture, control register and control word - programming with the above devices-Interfacing LED's, flashing LEDs, 7-segment display-Multiplexing of 7- segment display-Interfacing D/A converter and waveform generation-Interfacing A/D converters.

Unit-4

Interfacing Hex keyboard using 8255-Keyboard and Display interface 8279 internal architecture and working-Programmable interval Timer 8253/54, internal architecture and different modes of operation- uses of timer.

Unit-5

Microprocessor applications-Stepper motor interface-Temperature controller-Data acquisition system- A simple traffic light controller.

Books for study and reference:

1. Ramesh S. Gaonkar: Microprocessor Architecture, Programming and Application with the 8085-Penram International Publishing, Mumbai.

2. B. Ram: Fundamentals of microprocessors and microcomputers-Dhanpat Rai publications, New Delhi.

3. V. Vijayendran: Fundamentals of microprocessor-8 085-S. Viswanathan publishers, Chennai.

B.Sc. DEGREE COURSE IN ELECTRONICS SCIENCE

SEMESTER SYSTEM WITH CREDITS

Semester VI - Paper XIV - Television and Engineering

Duration: 3 hrs

Maximum Marks: 075

Credits: 4

Unit-1

Elements of a TV System : Picture Transmission and Reception-Sound Transmission and Reception. Synchronization, Receiver Controls, Colour Television. Image Continuity, Number of Scanning Lines, Scanning-Sequential-Interlaced Picture Tubes- Monochrome-Color Picture tubes.

Unit-2

Television Broadcasting : Television Transmitter, Camera Tubes-Image OrthiconPlumbicon -Vidicon, Vestigial Side Band (VSB)Transmission, Composite Video Signal, Positive and Negative Modulation Standards of Television System - CCIR-B Standards.

Unit-3

Television Receivers : Block Diagram of Monochrome receiver- Separation and reproduction of sound-Intercarrier Sound System-Video Amplification -Contrast and Brightness Controls. Separation of Sync Signals-Sweep Circuits, Horizontal and Vertical Oscillators and Amplifiers, S-band -Hyper band Tuners.

Unit-4

Colour Television: Colour Television System-Fundamental concepts of a Three Colour System.

Additive and Subtractive Colours, Compatibility with Monochrome and Vice-Versa, Three Colour Picture Tubes. Colour TV Transmission and Reception. Remote control functions and Advanced Television
Systems.

Unit-5

Video Systems : Video Tape Recorders, Transverse and Helical Scanning SystemsQuadruplux Head Recoding and Playback Systems-VCRJVCP-Video Discs-VCD,VCD Playback System.

Books for study and reference

1 Monochrome and Colour television, R.R.Gulati, New Age International

2. Colour TV Principle & Practice, R.R.Gulati, New Age international.

3. Basic Television Principle & Servicing, Bernard Grob,McGraw Hill.

4. Television and Video Engg., A.M.Dhake, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co.,

B.Sc. DEGREE COURSE IN ELECTRONICS SCIENCE

SEMESTER SYSTEM WITH CREDITS

Semester VI - Paper XV - Opto - Electronics

Duration: 4 hrs

Maximum Marks: 075

Credits: 4

Unit-1

Optical Processes in Semiconductors : Electron- hole Pair formation and recombination- band to band recombination- absorption in semiconductors- exciton absorption - donor-acceptor and impurity band absorption- absorption in quantum wells - radiation in semiconductors-Luminescence from quantum wells- time resolved photo luminescence.

Unit-2

Semiconductor Junctions : The hetrojunction- LED structure - heterojunction LED - Edge emitting LED- I-V Characteristics -Spectral and frequency response.

Unit-3

Photodetectors: Junction photo diodes- PTN-APD- Photo transistor- modulated barrier photo diode - Schottky barrier - MSM photo diode- multicavity Photo diodes - Basic Principles of Solar cells.

Unit-4

Switching Devices and Opto-electronic ICs : Electro optic modulators - Optical switching and logic devices - application of OEIC' S- materials and processing for OEIC'S - Integrated transmitters and receivers - guided wave devices.

Unit-5

Fiber Optic Communication Optical fibre - Characteristics and fundamental parameters - Propagating modes - low loss fibres - transmission distance with optical fibres - examples of optical transmission techniques - instrumentation and control with optical fibres.

Books for study and reference

1. Semiconductor opto electronic devices-Pallab Bhattacharya PHI, 1995.

2. Opto Electronics - Wilson and Hawker.

3. Opto Electronics - Texas Instruments.

4. Opto Electronics - Jasprit Singh.

5. Optical Fibre Communication - Snematsu and Toa ( John Wiley and sons)

6. Fibre Optic Communication - R.L.Keiser.

B.Sc. DEGREE COURSE IN ELECTRONICS SCIENCE

SEMESTER SYSTEM WITH CREDITS

Semester VI - Paper XVI - Electrical and Electronic Instrumentation

Duration: 4 hrs

Maximum Marks: 075

Credits: 4

Unit-1

DC indicating Instruments: PMMC Galvanometer (D'Arsonal Movement ) - Principle, Construction and Working - Current Sensitivity, Voltage Sensitivity & Megohm Sensitivity - Advantages and
Disadvantages - Conversion of Galvanometer into Ammeter, Voltmeter and Ohmmeter (Series and Shunt Types) - Multimeter - Loading Effect.

AC indicating Instruments: Electrodynamometer - Principle, Construction and Working - Merits and Demerits - Rectifier Type Instruments - Thermocouple Instruments (Contact & Non-contact types)
- Electrostatic Voltmeters - Principle, Construction and Working - Watt-hour Meter.

Unit

DC Bridges: Wheatstone Bridge - Determination of resistance - Kelvin Double Bridge - Determination of resistance.

AC Bridges: Maxwell's Bridge - Determination of Self-Inductance - Wien's Bridge - Determination of Frequency - Schering' s Bridge - Determination of Capacitance.

Unit-3

Oscilloscopes: Block Diagram - Deflection Sensitivity - Electrostatic Deflection - Electrostatic Focusing - CRT Screen - Measurement of Waveform .frequency, Phase difference and Time Intervals - Sampling Oscilloscope - Storage Oscilloscopes.

Unit-4

Instrumentation Amplifiers and Signal Analyser: Instrumentation amplifier- Electronic Voltmeter - Electronic Multimeter - Digital Voltmeter - Ohm meter - Function Generator - Wave analyser - Fundamentals of Spectrum Analyser.

Unit-5

Transducers and Display Devices: Strain Gauge - Unbonded Strain Gauge - LVDT - Resistance Thermometer - Thermocouple - Photoelectric Transducer - Pen Recorder - Audio Tape Recorder - Seven Segment Display - LCD.

Books for Study and Reference

1. Electronic Instrumentation and Measurement Techniques - W.D.Cooper & A.D. Helfrick, Prentice Hall of India.

2. A course in Electrical and Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation - A.K. Sawhney, Dhanpat Rai and Sons.

3. Electronic Instruments & Measurements - P.B.Zbar, Mc.Graw Hill International.

B.Sc. DEGREE COURSE IN ELECTRONICS SCIENCE

SEMESTER SYSTEM WITH CREDITS

(Effective from the Academic Year 2003-2004)

Semester VI - Application Oriented Subject II - Main Practical III

Duration: 3 hrs

Maximum Marks: 75

Credits: 4

1. Construction of dual power supply using Zener diodes.

2. Construction of dual power supply using IC.

3. OPAMP - Inverting and non-inverting modes, unity follower.

4. Operational summing amplifiers - Inverting and non-inverting modes.

5. OPAMP - Integrator and differentiator.

6. OPAMP - Square wave generator.

7. OPAMP - Sine wave generator.

8. Instrumentation Amplifier.

9. Universality of NAND gate.

10. Universality of NOR gate.

11. Verification of basic Boolean identities using NAND gates.

12. Verification of basic Boolean identities using NOR gates.

13. Sum of products and Product of sums - NAND gates.

14. Sum of products and Product of sums - NOR gates.

15. Astable, Monostable multivibrators and Schmitt trigger using NAND gates.

16. Monostable multivibrator and Schmitt trigger using 555 timer.

17. Astable multivibrator using 555 timer.

18. Study of RS, D and JK flip flops.

Books for reference

1. Basic Electronics A Text Lab Manual by Zbar, Malvino and Miller, Tata McGraw Hill.

2. B.E.S. Practicais by R.Sugaraj Samuel & Horsley Solomon.

B.Sc. DEGREE COURSE IN ELECTRONICS SCIENCE

SEMESTER SYSTEM WITH CREDITS

Semester VI - Application Oriented Subject II - Practical IV

Duration: 3 hrs

Maximum Marks: 75

Credits: 4

1. Amplitude Modulation and detection

2.Frequency Modulation and detection

3. Pulse Amplitude Modulation and detection

4. Pulse Width Modulation and detection

5. Pulse Position Modulation and detection

6. Half, Full and BCD adders using simple logic gates

7. Half, Full and BCD adders using NAND gates

8. Half and Full subtractors using simple logic gates

9. Half and Full subtractors using NAND gates

10. Study of 7490 BCD counter, divide by (1 to 10) as scalar

11. BCD to seven segment decoder 7447/7448

Microprocessor practical experiments

12. Addition, subtraction, multiplication and division - 8bit

13. Picking up the largest/smallest in an array

14. Ascending order/descending order

15. Code conversions:

a. Binary to BCD

b. BCD to Binary

c. Binary to Ascii

d. Ascii to Binary

e. BCD to Ascii

f. Ascii to BCD

16. Clock Program

17. Flashing LEDs

18. Wave generation using DAC interface

Books for reference

1. Basic Electronics A Text Lab Manual by Zbar, Malvino and Miller, Tata McGraw Hill.

2. B.E.S. Practicals by R.Sugaraj Samuel & Horsley Solomon.

3. Fundamentals of microprocessor-8085 - V. Vij ayendran, .S .Viswanathan publishers, Chennai.